When we talk of Sports Psychology, what rings to the mind is the ability to use mental art and skills to give and produce their best results. Despite giving best results and the catering for the well-being of the participants, sports psychology enhances the personal growth and social part of an individual in the sports arena. Sports psychology involves the engagement of the mind in sport and the physical part of the game. In addition to the physical and psychological involvement, a second party is needed for training and instructions. It applies to teams and individuals in the sporting field like the athletes.
The relationship between personality traits and sport performance
The research was done by Adel Mirzaei (2013), on sports psychology showed that there is a close relation between an individual’s psychology and character and they both influenced the end outcome or performance of activity. The research further indicates that there is a marginal difference of less and more significance in teams and athletes. The marginal difference is as a result of the ability of the mind to prepare. It is clear that any time an athlete take part in any competitive game, the core personality traits contribute to the way they behave. For people who are not aware of what they can achieve, have no knowledge of themselves. Adel Mirzaei (2013) indicates that the method can be applied across ages to find favorite sports for individuals regardless of age. We get to know that introverts enjoy sports games where there are no or less personal contacts with people.
On the same note, the extroverts chose sports where there is aggressiveness, and things are lively. For those who participate in individual sports are perceived to be egoistic. Adel Mirzaei (2013), states that there are chances of qualitative dissimilarities between female and male. The study further shows that female participants have a tendency of placing themselves higher in social capability, on the other side male members mostly consider themselves dominant, strong, prevailing, muscular and power. It is clear that every gender is associated with high standards of self-respect in sections in more centralized ego being involved, it is perceived that there is a high level of self-esteem among the women participating in social games while men had high self-esteem while playing individual games. At last, it is clear that sports ladies with strong social capabilities feel good in teamwork (Adel Mirzaei, 2013).
Seeing the “We” in “Me” Sports: The Need to Consider Individual Sport Team Environments
Anyone doing individual sport like athletes gets to involve themselves in groups since the athlete’s train in groups or teams but compete as a person against each other during competition. Evans (2012), states that those who participate in individual sport perform well when they in teams since the team members depend on one another. The results of an individual sport like golf players, athletes, and wrestling, is in the wake of the many hours spent continuously through training with the teammates. When a person sports person trains with others, this enhances one’s interpersonal relationships. Another research by Evans (2012), done on soccer teams showed that expectations of the team would influence the members to the extent that the group interacts when training. However, games known as individual that are based on work type differ as per the rate of higher-order traits including; application of team scores, training that can only take place with the presence of other teammates then recognition of different leaders and their responsibilities.
Even if individual sports participants are not mutually dependent on others during a competition, there are so many ways they solely depend on others. Mutual dependency is significant in comprehending team relations and collaborations. A team’s performance is determined by the level of determination of the individuals, and for this to be a success, there should be a good relationship structure among the individuals to connect and pursue their dream of the team. So, a team’s performance solely depends on the interdependence of the teammates. On the hand, individual sports give good results due to interdependency and a real relation to the competitors. During training, an athlete competes with the group to gauge the level of speed, so they depend on each other at this time to give a good performance during competition (Evans, 2012).
Developing Individual and Team Character in Sport
Individual’s participation in sport is very significant since it builds the character of being a team player. When one participates in a group activity, the context of learning through participation is enhanced. Taking part in team work equips one with adequate social skills as teamwork through cooperation and development of social behaviors. Sport is perceived to be the bridge to cooperation with others. One needs to consult and find solutions to problems emerging among the team members. Teamwork helps one develop self-control, good ethics; one learned to be fair, get to acquire virtues like the spirit of teamwork and show courage. Children are regularly registered in sports with hopes that they will learn these teamwork related values and behaviors. On the other hand, a study by Gaines (2012), show that cooperation can also influence on negatively, and this can be proved by the ongoing cases of athletes who have been accused of engaging in illegal recruits and use of drugs.
When such unacceptable behaviors occur in sports, the channel in which one is put to task to make a decision on the acts are acceptable or not in an individual situation, is known as moral reasoning. Sport gives us an attractive ground for testing moral argument, given the fact that athletes are faced with challenging situations, they have to come out boldly and makeup sound decisions. According to Gaines (2012), fraudulent or hostile behaviors are as a result of a breakdown in one’s moral way of thinking. The study further indicates that sports participants admitted to had previously injured an opponent, other accepted to have argued with match officials. According to this research, it is clear that sports build character and coaches and other sports administrators need to implement behavior coaching to curb the vices among the participants (Gaines, 2012).
Positive personality-trait-like individual differences in athletes from different- and team sports and in non-athletes
On the issue of individual differences, the view of non-athletic traits is predictable across consistent situations. The research on athletes pertaining only dissimilarities gives us the comprehensive on how the athletes do differ from each other and people in general. Sports psychologists have tried to understand the behaviors of athletes by the separating role of situations and traits on behaviors. Laborde (2016) describes characteristics as a tendency to do something in a particular manner, and it is perceived to be the blocks that build an individual’s personality. The research further shows that an athlete’s traits can be understood better when by considering the relations between the athlete and the situation. Essential characteristics of individuals influence one’s behavior in different circumstances. Concerning the control of PTLID in sports performance, those observed to be emotionally stable – discipline and confident tend to be central in predicting performance. This shows that good performance is associated with the ability to handle emotions and mental state. The PTLID are considered to be the moderators of nervous tension thus influencing the behavior response of one coping with stress. In the relevant part, both talent analysis and skill growth is as a result of the integration of PTLID since it helps coaches and other sports associations to make decisions. PTLID can also be used to develop talent in an individualized manner (Laborde, 2016).
Group cohesion important factor in sport performance
For a group to deliver good results there must be real unity and team cohesion. Researchers believe that groups with high cohesion have high chances of winning compared to a little cohesion group. High cohesion gives a team the strength; Cohesion is the force. A group with high level of cohesion, the members put more effort to achieve the target. The link between cohesion and high performance apparently comes out in performance, since groups with high cohesion level tend to perform better than the one with low cohesion level. So, cohesion relates two important things that bring a team together, performance and the relationship among the participants (Sabin, 2014).
Adel Mirzaei, R. N. (2013). The relationship between personality traits and sport performance. European Journal of Experimental Biology , 439-442.
Evans, M. B. (2012). Seeing the “we” in “me” sports: The need to consider individual sport team environments. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne , 301-308.
Gaines, S. A. (2012). Developing individual and team character in sport. Strategies , 25 (8), 30-32.
Laborde, S. G. (2016). Positive personality-trait-like individual differences in athletes from individual and team sports and in non-athletes. Psychology of Sport & Exercise , 26, 9-13.
Sabin, S. I. (2014). Group cohesion important factor in sport performance. European Scientific Journal , 10 (26).