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Introduction
Many Black Americans originated from Africa and the Hispanics originated from Spain and its former colonies. Expectedly, Black Hispanics have suffered negative stereotypes that are associated with Black Americans such as having a propensity to criminal activity. As a matter of fact, Black Americans and Black Hispanics have been victims of racial prejudices that have resulted in them being subjected to unjustified prosecutions, undue scrutiny, and ultimately being denied opportunities to excel in their talents and skills. According to Wikipedia, “The main aspects which distinguish Black Hispanics born in the United States of America from African Americans is their mother tongue Spanish or most recent ancestors’ native language, their culture passed down by their parents, and their Spanish surnames” (“Black Hispanic and Latino Americans”). Seemingly, it is difficult to differentiate the Black Hispanic from Black Americans. For this reason, Wikipedia agrees that “When Black Hispanic actors are given roles, they are usually cast as African Americans” (“Black Hispanic and Latino Americans”).
In the essay, Black Men and Public Spaces, Brent Staples relates to the experience he gets every time he walks on the streets in the evening. Normally, strangers think that he is capable of harming them just because he is black. This paper explores ways in which a universal identity can give people the power to alter space in negative ways, knowingly and unknowingly. Stereotypes could empower unsuspecting individuals to alter public space so as to cause a reaction from those who have it.
Stereotype That Black People are Dangerous
The stereotype that black men are dangerous has been with the people of America for a long time. Moreover, it has caused many people, especially White Americans, to fear African Americans. In Black Men and Public Spaces, this stereotype is well illustrated by the manner in which the White Americans behave towards Staples every time he walks in the streets at night. The first incidence happened while Staples was in Hyde Park and he met a young woman on a deserted street. When she noticed Staples, she increased her pace and soon began running. Notably, this part of the street was located in the impoverished part of Chicago. Therefore, the young woman thought that Staples, being black, was a robber from the neighboring slums and he wanted to hurt her. Interesting, the stigma from women who thought Staples was harmful was witnessed in all the states he lived. In acknowledgment of this stereotype, Staples says, “I often see women who fear the worst from me,” (Baldwin, Courtney S.). In fact, the encounter of the young woman on the street is a confirmation that people’s identity can give them strong powers to alter space in a negative way.
Black Men are a Public Security Threat
The perception that black men are a threat to public safety is another stereotype that led to the altering of public space every time Staples appeared in public. Staples’ encounter with a proprietor of a jewelry shop exemplifies this stereotype. Actually, the woman excused herself, left and came back with a Doberman pinscher threatening to release it on Staples. Similarly, security personnel and the police seem to handle black men with suspicion. Staples remembers, “…police officers hauled him from his car at gun point” (Baldwin, Courtney S.). Moreover, they aggressively search black men before they enter public places and guards are likely to raise alarm if a black man enters a building unannounced than if a white man does the same.
Black Men and Public Spaces is a good illustration of a conflict between the universal and individual identity whereby the public has a distorted perception of people. Such conclusions have made people be judged harshly for mistakes that they have nothing to do with. Staples admits that throughout his life, he has never been a tough guy and feared violence because he witnessed the killing of his relatives who behaved tough.
Motor Cycle Group Members
The Motorcycle Group Member’s group is another victim of a universal identity that gives them the power to alter space in a negative way. Historically, this group encouraged and participated in illegal activities and were constantly under the observation of law enforcers. A part from this historical background, today’s criminals use motorbikes to carry out criminal activities, and this associates them to motorcycle clubs. Notably, members of motorcycle clubs are often seen riding in groups on highways which makes other public road users to cringe. It is against this background that members of the motorcycle groups have attracted a poor image; people often mistake them to be gang members.
Contrary to public opinion, Motor Cycle Group Members are law abiding citizens with families and have committed themselves to riding for fun. A website owned by this group states, “But have no fear, you have been deceived” (“MC Misconceptions”). The group rides motorbikes as a way of bonding, showing respect, and generating income. The negative image is a stereotype created by the press to paint them as sexually immoral, chauvinists, and criminals. On their website, it is stated that, “In the media, you’ll find ideas of someone who is misinformed and has never associated with members of the club” (“MC Misconceptions”)/ Therefore, the group should not be associated with criminal activities and the public should learn to accept the group based on its current conduct rather than its historical image or unsubstantiated news about it. .
Conclusion
It is a fact that people’s universal identity gives them the power to alter space in a negative way as confirmed in Black Men and Public Spaces, and the Motorcycle Group Members. Although the stereotypes are created from previous experiences, they are not always an accurate conclusion of the community. Nevertheless, the victims of negative stereotypes should adopt an upright character to remove biased opinions about them.
 
 
 
 
Works Cited
“Black Hispanic and Latino Americans”. En.Wikipedia.Org, 2017,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Hispanic_and_Latino_Americans.
2017,
“MC Misconceptions”. Rcvsmc.Net, 2017, http://www.rcvsmc.net/id20.html.
Dear Kelvin,
You have written a clear paper with few mistakes. Please keep on improving. Also, eliminate the following highlighted errors in your future papers.
Style
Please use an appropriate thesis statement in your paper.
A thesis statement makes a promise to the reader about the scope, purpose, and direction of the paper. It summarizes the conclusions that the writer has reached about the topic.
A thesis statement is generally located near the end of the introduction. Sometimes in a long paper, the thesis will be expressed in several sentences or an entire paragraph.
A thesis statement is focused and specific enough to be proven within the boundaries of the paper. Keywords (nouns and verbs) should be specific, accurate, and indicative of the range of research, thrust of the argument or analysis, and the organization of supporting information.
Please follow the attached link: https://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/Thesis_or_Purpose.html
Grammar
            Please revise on tenses. Understand between present continuous tense and present tense.

  1. Simple Past: “Betty taught for ten years.” This means that Betty taught in the past; she is no longer teaching.
  2. Present Perfect: “Betty has taught for ten years.” This means that Betty taught for ten years, and she still teaches today.
  3. Simple Past: “John did his homework so he can go to the movies.” In this example, John has already completed his homework.
  4. Present Perfect: “If John has done his homework, he can go to the movies.” In this case, John has not yet completed his homework, but he will most likely do so soon.

Follow the attached link: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/601/01/
Comma
Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, and words that are not essential to the meaning of the sentence. Use one comma before to indicate the beginning of the pause and one at the end to indicate the end of the pause.
Please follow attached link: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/owlprint/607/
Transitional Words
Use transitional words in places where the sentence or paragraph meaning “shifts” slightly. One caveat though: Always keep the literal meaning of a transition word in mind as you use it—therefore, do not use “for example” unless you are introducing an example that links to the preceding information; do not use “nevertheless” unless you are offering a contrasting point.
 
I believe that you will study all the issues that I have highlighted. Your part of the bid is 85%. Your grade for this paper is 71, which corresponds to University Level A.
 
Yours Sincerely,
Eirine