CMD diseases affect a wide range of medical students globally. One of the measures to alleviate their symptoms is by increasing SWB through positive psychology (PP). This article tested the effectiveness of PP on a group of students whereby the results proved that its techniques can be used to manage CMD. The article’s topic falls under health psychology which concentrates on the way organic, social, and psychological features impact health and ailment. The main reason for choosing this topic was to expand knowledge regarding PP since it is an important field in psychology. PP is highly beneficial in the field of brain science since it improves individual’s satisfaction and boosts their emotions. The implication of the study in the future is to allow researchers in psychiatry to come up with procedures that can effect happiness on many people. For the potential of future research, this study would enable experts to investigate whether PP is applicable to a wide range of diseases.
Keywords: CMD, MS, subjective well-being, positive psychology
sSummary and Critical Analysis of a Case Study
The topic of the article which reads “Common Mental Disorders and Subjective Well-Being: Emotional Training among Medical Students Based on Positive Psychology” related to psychology in a big way. Essentially, it entails the use of positive psychology (PP) procedures to affect subjective well-being (SWB), also known as psychological or hedonic health which in turn, alleviates the symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD) among medical students (MS). CMD including depression, anxiety, and somatization conditions are significantly high among MD all over the world. They are mainly attributed to stressful patient-physician relationships as well as academic performance. There is not so much research done on CMD and PP since it is a new field (Machado et al., 2019). However, some of the articles in the psychology database that are related to this topic include:
- Slade, M. (2010). Mental illness and well-being: the central importance of positive psychology and recovery approaches. BMC health services research, 10(1), 26. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2835700/
- Kok, B. E., Coffey, K. A., Cohn, M. A., Catalino, L. I., Vacharkulksemsuk, T., Algoe, S. B., … & Fredrickson, B. L. (2013). How positive emotions build physical health: Perceived positive social connections account for the upward spiral between positive emotions and vagal tone. Psychological science, 24(7), 1123-1132. Retrieved from https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0956797612470827
- Positive Psychology Program. (2019). The connections between positive psychology and mental health. Retrieved from https://positivepsychologyprogram.com/positive-psychology-and-mental-health/
- Chakhssi, F., Kraiss, J. T., Sommers-Spijkerman, M., & Bohlmeijer, E. T. (2018). The effect of positive psychology interventions on well-being and distress in clinical samples with psychiatric or somatic disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Psychiatry, 18(1), 211. Retrieved from https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12888-018-1739-2
The management of CMD using positive psychology falls into the health psychology category. It is a field that is concerned with how organic, social, and mental elements impact wellbeing and disease. Health psychologists take part in a wide range of errands identified with wellbeing and health. The particular kind of work that a wellbeing clinician does once a day may rely upon a work setting or strength zone. Many PP analysts work legitimately in clinical situations to support persons or groups to counteract sicknesses and advance solid practices. Others lead examine on wellbeing associated matters or impact open approach on human services issues. In clinical and medicinal settings, wellbeing clinicians regularly lead conduct appraisals, clinical meetings, and identity tests. Different assignments frequently include taking an interest in mediations with people or groups. Many wellbeing therapists likewise direct research on an assortment of wellbeing related issues. For instance, specialists may concentrate such things as the reasons for medical issues, precaution measures, the best wellbeing advancement systems, how to best help individuals adapt to torment or disease, and how to get individuals to look for treatment for medicinal conditions.
I chose this topic because I wanted to have a deeper understanding of how mental illnesses improve in relation to positive psychology. Besides, it is related to the broader field of psychology, and I wanted to expand my knowledge in this area that I had little knowledge. Additionally, I chose the topic as I felt there is insufficient research about it.
The core topic of the article
The reading is about the application of positive psychology (PP) in the management of common mental disorders (CMD). By increasing subjective well-being (SWB). In the literature section, the authors have discussed research done by other scholars on the interventions founded on positive psychology as well as presented a comprehensive description of SWB, CMD, and PP. For instance, the article indicates that PP is sectioned into eudaimonic prosperity (EWB) and (SWB). EWB, which is additionally called mental health, is connected to the acknowledgment of close potential, and comprises of various parameters, for example, positive connections and self-acknowledgment. SWB, which is additionally called hedonic health, encompasses the experience of fulfillment and has a psychological segment (contentment with life) and a full of feeling part (positive feelings).
The nearness of nervousness issue, dejection, and burnout disorder in restorative understudies are commonly high. Among the hazard factors there are factors related to the identity of the understudy, the difficulties innate during the time spent turning into a specialist and the over the top worry of graduation. As a rule, the emotional wellness of therapeutic understudies declines throughout restorative preparing as they will, in general, create hazardous adapting procedures, for example, liquor misuse, notwithstanding looking for less medicinal help for their mental issues, even though they are submerged in social insurance settings. Dysfunctional behavior and high mental pressure are related to challenges in the specialist understanding relationship and scholarly execution. In this manner, endeavors have been embraced to oversee pressure factors in restorative understudies. The article also provides an overview of the CMD which include depression, anxiety and somatization disorders. They have the highest occurrence and clinical morbidity in psychiatry (Machado et al., 2019). It also discusses how (PP) is another field of brain research that tries to comprehend constructive feelings, mental capacity, and sound human/social/institutional working, just as to utilize this information to help individuals and organizations. Additionally, the article draws from various research studies based on the interventions founded on positive psychology. For instance, it indicates that be that as it may, in a similar way as the exploration, intercession not just spotlights on individuals with mental determinations or mental issues, but anybody (Machado et al., 2019).
The article adopted the design of an experimental study which was interventional. It involved participants, who were divided into intervention (37 respondents) and control groups (32 respondents). The participants were students from a Brazilian University who were selected at the convenience of the corresponding author of the article who was their tutor. Moreover, a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect gather information and the subjects were required to remain anonymous. Socio-demographic data, extracurricular activity information, SWLS and PANAS, and SRQ-20 were used to structure the questionnaire.
The main objective of the investigation was to analyze the viability of the use of positive brain science procedures on expanding emotional prosperity (SWB) to diminish symptoms of regular mental scatters (CMD) in medicinal understudies (MS). The investigation included two gatherings: intervention gathering (n = 37) and control gathering (n = 32). All through seven weeks, the intercession bunch had groups concentrated on feelings, emotional wellness of therapeutic understudies, appreciation, gratefulness, hopefulness, strength, characteristics and ethics. The control bunch went to traditional restorative brain research classes such as psychosomatic aspects in clinical illness. The study concluded that the utilization of procedures to cause SWB might lessen CMD in MS, regardless of whether these systems do not decrease negative feelings.
Importance in the field of psychology
PP is vital as it demonstrates to us the intensity of moving one’s perspective. This is the central point of various procedures, works out, and even complete projects dependent on positive brain research, because a moderately little variation in one’s standpoint may prompt bewildering shifts in success and personal fulfillment. Imparting more confidence and appreciation into one’s life is a simple behavior that might present a profoundly increasingly inspirational point of interpretation. No regarded positive psychologist would outline for you to contemplate, carry on, and center on only the positive all through everyday life-balance is significant. Positive psychology was not introduced to supplant customary brain science but to enhance it with a positive inclination that is correspondingly as solid as brain science’s adverse predisposition throughout the latest quite a few years. Given the effect of moving one’s point of view, positive brain science’s advantages spring from research that tells us the best way to tackle this move and amplify the potential for satisfaction in a considerable lot of our regular practices. For example, it has been discovered that individuals overestimate the effect of cash on their joy by a considerable amount. It has some impact, yet not so much as we may suspect, so concentrating less on accomplishing riches will probably make you more joyful. Furthermore, explore demonstrates that Spending cash on encounters gives a greater lift to joy than burning through cash on material and Gratitude is a major supporter of satisfaction throughout everyday life, proposing that the more we develop appreciation, the more joyful we will be.
Businessmen and directors discover positive brain science in the work environment intriguing, as it manages to find factors that empower the two people and the gathering to create and work ideally in the work environment. An individual, who is hopeless at work, can’t be really upbeat. An inspirational frame of mind at work is in this manner significant. You should know that fulfilled representatives with an abnormal state of prosperity are better collaborators, have better social connections, help one another and accordingly increment the organization’s prosperity. This can likewise be educated. Ensure that your workers are glad.
PP in brain science is likewise significant as it improves networks and takes out a disappointment. Networks, much the same as people, have a group mental and physical well-being. The general prosperity of a network should be thought about and affected decidedly. In the event that a network encounters a disaster, every one of its individuals is influenced. How every part responds to the disaster can decide if the network will flourish or not. It is imperative to realize what makes networks prosper and become versatile. Positive brain science can train network individuals to bond together in various difficulties. This implies the gathering can stay away from inner divisions.
Implications of this work
The outcomes from the present examination additionally lead to contemplations about the very idea of psychological issue. The way that the undesirable influence scale scores did not diminish, however, the SRQ-20 scores were decreased, enables one to trust that mental manifestations, predominantly mental findings, are more mind-boggling than the basic total of negative feelings. In like manner, the alleged prosperity does not appear to be only the nonattendance of negative feelings, in a similar way that wellbeing isn’t just the nonappearance of ailment. Then again, the present investigation appears to validate one of the primary Positive Psychology proposition, to be specific: the defensive impact of positive feelings and prosperity. These viewpoints seem to have a defending impact on negative feelings, just as on the enduring related to psychological clutters and other medical illnesses. Thusly, operating with these components appear to show another fateful opening to build up preventive endeavors inside psychiatry, for restorative understudies, however for different populaces also. Actually, it is conceivable to address whether the impacts that were established in the present examination will stay long haul. Subsequently, further examination is vital. Nonetheless, it is conceivable to contemplate that, similarly as the impact of psychotropic medications for the management of mental issue relies upon ceaseless use for a generally lengthy timespan, it is prudent, or if nothing else attractive, that the members constantly apply the systems that were educated so as to drag out their belongings. Actually, this occurs with other psychotherapeutic systems; consequently, the understudies were told to continue rehearsing these methods after the finish of the mediation.
Possibilities for future research
Positive brain research has made some remarkable progress within a small timeframe and it has encountered a significant number of the intentions put forward in the main decade, but some more completely than others. Positive analysts should now concentrate on some extra objectives, for example, distinguishing cooperation impacts, singular distinction factors and the hidden systems of viable positive mediations in order to expand the ideal results of positive intercessions in light of the scope of sponsors. Another recommended objective is to draw on the aptitude of experts from a wide scope of orders with the view to upgrading information move into important practice at a scope of various dimensions, including social arrangement. Thusly, a test for positive brain science is to welcome insightful and down to earth commitments from people and gatherings with different foundations while keeping up logical thoroughness and clearing up preparing and practice measures. Along these lines, wellbeing experts are encouraged to be available to what positive brain science can offer and consider framing coalitions to build up an improved emotional wellness administration.
The logical duty of positive brain research is to examine the precursors, associates, effects, and donors of a actual existence all around lived. In addition, advocates of positive brain research have sought after numerous basic purposes which include: intensifying the quantity of scattered research ponders on positive builds; recognizing the components that aid satisfying and noteworthy lives for people, gatherings and organizations; forming reasonable and viable constructive mediations for upgrading riches; and embracing a logical, proof-based structure. A typical analysis of positive brain research is that it receives a ‘Pollyanna’ mindset where everything in life is seen through rose shaded glasses and the point is to accomplish consistent satisfaction.
What surprised me
The plan of positive brain research isn’t to make a helpful and undesirable divisions or a pecking order where encouraging wonders are constantly perceived as being superior than negative ones, but instead to recognize and value the corresponding jobs of both negative and desirable encounters and to seek after the faultless proportion of positive to negative encounters for the best wellbeing.
Machado, L., de Oliveira, I. R., Peregrino, A., & Cantilino, A. (2019). Common mental disorders and subjective well-being: Emotional training among medical students based on positive psychology. PloS one, 14(2), e0211926.