Technology in Transportation in Orlando
The objective of this paper is to establish ways that incorporation of technology can ease traffic problems in Orlando.
Orlando has one of the worst traffic in the world (LeBar, 2017).
The incorporation of technology in transportation is necessary for the following reasons:
- Ensuring better traffic control
- Prevention and detection of road accidents
- Enforcement of traffic laws
- Providing a good driving experience for drivers
Currently, most countries are investing in technology in transportation; they include Singapore, Denmark, United Kingdom, United States, Japan and India
The use of technology enables both the road user and traffic officers to identify, in advance, events that are happening in different parts of the road network. Consequently, the individuals are able to establish proper controls of traffic. Traffic officers use this information to establish better traffic control policies.
Some systems capture drivers’ details such as the number plate, which enables officers to enforce traffic laws.
Some systems provide lighting and warning signs, which improve drivers’ experience.
Examples of technologies in transport include:
- Photo-luminizing powder
- Interactive lighting
- Wind-powered lights
- Electric priority lane
- Solar roadways
- Anti-icing roads
- Piezoelectric energy roads
The photo-luminizing powder is a unique paint that glows at night making driving easy.
Interactive lighting are street lights that automatically switch on when they detect an oncoming vehicle
Wind-powered street lights use wind power to conserve energy
The electric priority lane are special roads that enable induction charging for electric vehicles
Solar roads are highways made using solar panels to enable solar charging
Anti-icing roads have a special chemical that prevents snow from forming on the road
Piezoelectric energy roads have crystals which generate energy from the vibrations generated by vehicle’s moving wheels
- Intelligent (Networked) highways
- Automatic road enforcement
- Dynamic traffic light sequence
- Collision avoidance systems
- Emergency Vehicle notification systems
- Traffic congestion detection system
Intelligent highways provide an interactive system for facilitating better transport
Automatic road enforcement use a high-tech camera and wireless systems that are able to capture the details of offensive road drivers and fine them in real time.
The dynamic traffic light sequence provide both the minimum and maximum speed limits, which ensures there are no snarl ups caused by extremely slow drivers or accidents due to excessive speeding.
The collision avoidance systems inform drivers of stalled vehicles
Emergency vehicle notification systems automatically inform traffic control officers when an accident or significant event happens on a road.
Traffic congestion systems detect the traffic levels of roads and re-route drivers to less congested roads.
Orlando should use the traffic congestion detection system.
Currently, the traffic congestion detection system is used in Seoul, South Korea.
This system uses cameras that are interlinked across the city and a complex algorithm that enables the traffic control headquarter to know congestion levels on each road.
The traffic congestion detection system automatically re-routes vehicles or closes certain roads to balance the traffic levels in the city to minimize congestions
The process will take three years.
The key events in the installation of the traffic congestion detection system will be:
- Development of the traffic congestion detection system ICT program (7 months)
- Installation of cameras, radar systems, and integration of the system into the current Orlando traffic network (18 months)
- Training of information technology experts who will provide support services (5 months)
- Training of traffic officers on how to use the system (3 months)
- Training the public on how to use the system (3 months)
The traffic congestion detection system is expected to have a positive return on investment after 10 years of operation.
Cardenas-Benitez, N., Aquino-Santos, R., Magana_Espinoza, P., Aguilar,-Velazco, J., Edwards-Block, A., and Cass, A. (2016). Traffic congestion detection system through connected vehicles and big data. Sensors, 16(599), 1-26.
Metacalfe, J. (2012). 9 technologies for building the ‘Road of the Future.’ Retrieved from https://www.citylab.com/life/2012/12/9-technologies-building-road-future/4219/
Lee, S. (2017). Seoul’s Intelligent Traffic System (ITS). Retrieved from https://seoulsolution.kr/en/content/seoul%E2%80%99s-intelligent-traffic-system-its