A washing machine also referred to as a clothes washer is an appliance utilized in the cleaning of laundry. A washing device can either be automatic or semi-automatic. Semi-automatic washing devices require manual intervention to function. For instance, an individual must load and unload the clothes in and out of the drum. On the other hand, automatic clothe washers incorporate either top or front loading (Gaur & Bansod, 2013). The process of washing involves putting the dirty clothes into the machine’s drum together with a surfed detergent and then choosing the right setting.
The history of washing machines can be traced back to the mid-18th century. Even though there is wide controversy as to who invented washing devices, Henry Sidgier’s rotating drum clothes cleaner was issued in 1782 in Britain. Amidst industrial revolution, in the 19th century, the need to create labor-saving machines was at its peak and many people developed various kinds of washing machines made of wooden drums and metal agitators (Persson, et al. 2013). With the advancement in science and technology, it was now possible to use electricity to power the machine and the first electric washing machine was launched in 1904 in the U.S where they were bought in large numbers. Today, people use automatic washing machines.
The most significant impact of washing appliances is the reduction of labor. Initially, people would wash clothes using their hands which was tiresome and time-consuming. Also, given that cleaning clothes was considered as a woman’s role, the devices can be viewed as one of the forces that have enhanced the position of women in the society. Moreover, these appliances were found to be very helpful to the unmarried men (Shehan & Moras, 2006). The machines are widely used for domestic laundry washing. However, there are clothe cleaners such as Laundromat and industrial washers that are used for commercial purposes.
Overall, a washing machine is used to clean laundry. The earliest form of the devices was created in the late 18th century by Henry Sidgier who was a British citizen. The industrial revolution in the uses was a major force to come up with labor-saving machinery and this saw many people develop various types of home-use washing machines. Nevertheless, this was not the end as technological advancement made it possible for electric and later automatic washing machines to be made. Clothe washers save on time and labor and they have also changed the role of women in the society.
Gaur, N., & Bansod, P. (2013). Front end realization of automatic washing machine. International Journal of Computer Applications. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.736.2729&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Persson, L., Brun, A., Martinsson, J., Persson, J., & Olsson, J. (2013). Washing machine and dryer. U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
Shehan, C. L., & Moras, A. (2006). Deconstructing laundry: Gendered technologies and the reluctant redesign of household labor. Retrieved from https://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/p/pod/dod-idx/deconstructing-laundry-gendered-technologies.pdf?c=mfr;idno=4919087.0011.104;format=pdf