The United States to Canada Migration: Canada Will Not Tighten its Border
Following President’s Donald Trump’s proposed reforms on the migrants in the United States, there has been an increase of migrants illegally crossing to Canada from the United States. In an interview with NPR’s Robert Siegel, Rita Chahal confirms that in January 2017 alone there were 40 files opened for migrants to Canada against the previous annual average of 50 to 60 migrants’ files per year (“U.S. Migrants Stream Across Border Into Canada”, 2017). Nonetheless, Ralph Goodalem asserts that Canada will not tighten its borders, which is a relief to migrants leaving in the US.
The sudden migration of American Canadians back to Canada as a result of Trump’s proposed reforms has subjected them to conditions of lack of a national identity. Due to The Safe Third Party Agreement signed in 2002 by Canada and United States governments, most immigrant refugees may fail to get their state rights even when immigrating to the former (“Ottawa should suspend Safe Third Country Agreement”, 2017). In general, the agreement says that refugees who first seek asylum in the United States cannot claim asylum in Canada, and vice versa. In this regard, the Canadian prime minister should suspend the agreement in order to give the migrants a safe haven.
According to Boswell, Geddes, and Scholten (2011), the formation of immigration policies is sometimes influenced by emerging events and problems facing the concerned parties (p. 2). In this regard, the suspension could help the immigrants to cross the border lawfully, because they are forced currently to use illegal means and make a dangerous journey in the cold. Consequently, the refugees have been amputated due to the effects of frostbite while others have been subjected to extreme cold that is potentially fatal.
The Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said that Canada is committed to openness, which gives hope to the refugees that the country’s will of having a law that will allow the migrants to cross the border lawfully (“Ottawa should suspend Safe Third Country Agreement”, 2017). For now, they get arrested and are taken to the Canadian Border Services where they are prosecuted. Suspension of the Safe Third Party Agreement will guarantee the migrants from the United States a lawful entry to Canada. On a different perspective, it will imply that the United States refugee system is not credible. The Canadian Prime Minister can disregard the agreement and allow the migrants to Canada, which could lead to an infringement of the international law.
President Trump’s proposed reform has elicited some social, ethical, legal, and political problems in relation to the illegal Canadian immigrants. Precisely, they have had to look for ways to migrate back to Canada, which includes making the dangerous and illegal crossing of the border. In the face of the severe conditions that they are facing, the intervention by the Canadian Prime Minister to suspend the Safe Third Party Agreement would avert the problem.
Boswell, C., Geddes, A., & Scholten, P. (2011). The role of narratives in migration policy-
making: a research framework. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 13(1), 1-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-856x.2010.00435.x
Ottawa should suspend Safe Third Country Agreement: Editorial | Toronto Star.
(2017). thestar.com. Retrieved from https://www.thestar.com/opinion/editorials/2017/02/09/ottawa-should-suspend-safe-third-country-agreement-editorial.html
U.S. Migrants Stream Across Border Into Canada. (2017). NPR.org. Retrieved