Introduction

When designing and constructing a new building, it is important for all teams to observe the country as well as the state compliance standards. These standards are designed to regulate and control the types of building methodologies employed. Nevertheless, these standards also serve as safety measures to the occupants and to the society in which the building design is to be implemented.
In Australia, the national construction code specifies the types of amenities as well as the standards that are to be achieved by the different classes of buildings to be constructed. Moreover, the standard outlines the standards that should be achieved during building renovation and reconstruction. As such, it serves as a fundamental regulatory measure within the country. Nevertheless, there are two compliance criteria that should be achieved throughout the construction process: the deemed to satisfy and the performance solution.
In this research, the main emphasis is the performance solution to be conducted in designing a state of the art building. The building is to serve as the headquarter of a multibillion organization Nevertheless, it may be imperative to observe all the design and construction methodologies employed in every aspect of the building structure such as the stairs, the exit heights, the travel distance, and the exit paths among others comply with the performance requirements. This information will be useful to the stakeholders who consist of the client, the engineers, the architects and the surveyors’ among others. Nevertheless, the compliance solutions used in this case will be considered against the fire resistance of the building structure. Fire resistance is outlined in section C of the national construction code and is fundamental both to the building fabric as well as the safety of the occupants.
 

Literature Review

Performance solutions refer to the set of guidelines that determine how the standards of the national construction code will be achieved. Nevertheless, as per a unique building, the solution should be customized to the specific requirements. All of this emanates from the fact that each building has to be designed in a way that is prescribed by the national construction code. Standard buildings follow standard building requirement but with innovation, these requirements are not sustainable.
The performance solutions are those that take into consideration the special building situation. Nevertheless, they provide a more flexible way in which the building design and construction can meet the standards. They are different from the deemed to satisfy since they are more considerate of the situation, as opposed to prescriptive designs (Australia Building Codes Board, 2015).Moreover, they are used to address the requirements of the building as per the assessments that have been outlined in the code. However, adherence to these solutions is not compulsory. Therefore, they may be described as a way in which the stakeholders will ensure that the building complies with the national construction code requirements.
Using performance solutions in building design represents one of the best approaches since it provides a platform for innovation as well as flexibility  (Thompson & Maginn, 2012). This is a limitation to other design solutions since they may not be applicable to every building design possible. In essence, they may be described as non-prescriptive and non-conservative.
They are also implemented considering the varying and potential changes in the building structure. This ensures that proprietors and building occupants have greater flexibility concerning the future use of the building. Moreover, it also ensures that there is greater flexibility in the management structure but this may be rare. Management may include a change in the approved fire safety measures, change in the waterproofing mechanism among others.
Considering that the performance solutions offers greater variability in the design and construction, accreditation can be done through comparison with other solutions. Comparison represents a relatively easier method for the accreditors. Nevertheless, another accreditation measure may include assessment or adoption of other basic provisions such as those in the deemed to satisfy provisions

The process of performance solutions

The process of performance solution consists of three steps: performance requirements, developing a solution and finally, documentation of the particular solution accompanied by support material and literature (Australia Building Codes Board, 2015). Nevertheless, these requirements are documented in the national construction council. The whole process needs to be assessed and approved by accreditors
To begin with, it is up to the design team to identify the required performance requirements. Depending on the type of installations available such as waterproofing or fire safety systems, the NCC indicates the required performance requirements. Nevertheless, there may be instances in which the code may not contain the performance solution of a specific design. As such, the performance solution will have to be determined and developed using another method of assessment.
Secondly, the concerned parties are supposed to develop solutions that befit that particular structure. Nevertheless, this has to be in line with the performance requirements of the building. Performance solution is a method of assessing the performance requirements and as such, serves as a guide. However, the method only addresses part of the building performance requirement and as such, other methods are usually developed. The partial prescriptive solution fills the gap that is left by the performance solution. Nevertheless, the NCC tries to identify the impacts of the solution on the other building elements. It clearly indicates the impact of various solutions on other building structures. The assessment method, as such, needs to be done alongside the prescriptive solution which may include the deemed to satisfy solution. By ensuring that the deemed to satisfy provisions contained in the NCC are met, the performance solution is also met.
Finally, there is a need to document the performance solution but this has to be accompanied by support materials. These support materials are just to indicate that the performance requirements have been satisfied by the particular solution. The solution that has been developed by using the NCC will, therefore, be available for use by the other users of the code.
 
 
 

Methodology

The building and performance solution

In this section, the concern will be about fire and the performance solution. Fire resistance and stability of a building have been indicated in Part C1 of the NCC. However, there are two methods of ensuring that the fire system satisfies the performance requirements using the performance solution. To begin with, there is a need to identify the performance requirements that apply to a certain performance solution. Secondly, there is need to identify the requirements that satisfy part of the solution or may be affected by the application of a performance solution. The proposed performance solution, in this case, is a combination of both the passive and active fire protection systems. Active fire protection system comes to play during a fire outbreak while active systems are used to reduce the likelihood of a fire outbreak.
The performance requirements of fire are indicated from CP1 to CP9 of the code (Commonwealth of Australia and States and Territories of Australia, 2016). To begin with, CP1 indicates the necessary measure that will be used to ensure that the elements can sustain the building during a fire outbreak. The proximity to other buildings, the height of the building, fire brigade interventions among others are some of the details required. Nonetheless, the role of the architect will be to understand the most innovative design that considers the size of the elements, the general building layout and the travel distance among other performance requirements outlined.
CP2 is concerned with the spread of fire. Installation of the active system such as the use of sprinklers and the use of a passive system such as fire-resistant construction materials will serve the purpose. However, the role of the architect is to determine the size of the hallways and exit paths as well as the most appropriate installation points. Considering the building will serve office duties, it is important to ensure that there is sufficient room for movement and shorter travel distance.
CP4 pertains maintaining suitable conditions for evacuation. The system used should ensure that there is a limit to the spread of heat as well as the generation of smoke. As such, it is mainly concerned with the number of occupants, the evacuation distance and the fire systems installed. The active system is the one of concern in this case. The use of an automatic fire system coupled with smoke removal system will ensure compliance of the performance solution. Therefore, the architect needs to design exit paths with sufficient widths and shorter travel distances. Moreover, consideration will be made on the most appropriate installation points considering the response time.
CP5 ensures that the external wall is stable in case of fire outbreak, CP6 requires the building to have the necessary elements to limit the spread of fire, CP7 and CP8 deal with the building elements while CP9 deals access services. These access ways are vital for fire brigade and other external intervention measures. As such, the use of an automatic fire active system that will incorporate a smoke removal mechanism may be the best performance solution. All these falls under the jurisdiction of the architect with access point location imperative in the design. Moreover, the access point will have to be designed with sufficient width for the fire brigade machinery to easily access the building.
Nevertheless, the survey duties will extend from the construction period to when the building is in operation. During the construction, some of the considerations will include the likely risks in case of a fire outbreak, the amenities around the region, the number of occupants expected in the building. All these are fundamental in architectural sizing of the access paths, escape exits, the location of the active fire system among others. After construction, survey checks will be conducted to ensure that the systems are fully functional and that the size of the exit paths is sustainable for the occupants. However, this will require the collaborative effort with the engineers. In a nutshell, the appropriate location of the active fire system, sufficient exit path widths design, and location of the access services will be a requirement.
 

Discussion

The NCC and performance-based solutions are imperative for design and innovation. The design system using performance based solution may be the tool towards sustainable building design and innovation. Considering that these solutions offer greater flexibility during design and construction, they offer architects and engineers room for better design and construction methodologies. Nevertheless, they also ensure that building design meets the performance requirements that would be met by the standard buildings.
Moreover, the documentation process may ensure the implementation of a documented performance solution to other building. The NCC requires that documentation is accompanied by supporting evidence. This represents a chance for willing engineers and architects to design a building using the documented performance solutions.
In the design of the building, innovative architectural layouts may be used. All of this emanates from the fact that the amenities used will consider the context of the building. The performance solution will, therefore, ensure that all the performance requirements stipulated in the NCC will be achieved regardless of the building layout.

Conclusion

Performance-based solutions are used to enhance innovation in design and construction. Nevertheless, the final building structure has to comply with the performance requirement of the particular system installed, be it fire system or waterproofing system or any other. As with the fire design requirements, the performance requirements are based on the structural elements, the fire protection system and the general building layout, all stated in CP1 to CP9 of NCC volume 1.
Innovative architectural designs will only achieve performance requirements through performance solution. The combined use of an active and passive fire system, together with a smoke removal mechanism will ensure that all the performance requirements are achieved. In other cases, this may not be possible in which case the performance solution will be used together with the deemed to satisfy solution.

References

Australia Building Codes Board. (2015, September 26). Developing a solution-It’s your choice. Retrieved from Building connection: buildingconnection.com/au/2015/09/26/Developing-a-solution-It’s-your-choice/
Commonwealth of Australia and States and Territories of Australia. (2016). national construction Code.
Thompson, s., & Maginn, P. (2012). planning Australia:an overview of urban and regional plann
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 

Introduction

When designing and constructing a new building, it is important for all teams to observe the country as well as the state compliance standards. These standards are designed to regulate and control the types of building methodologies employed. Nevertheless, these standards also serve as safety measures to the occupants and to the society in which the building design is to be implemented.
In Australia, the national construction code specifies the types of amenities as well as the standards that are to be achieved by the different classes of buildings to be constructed. Moreover, the standard outlines the standards that should be achieved during building renovation and reconstruction. As such, it serves as a fundamental regulatory measure within the country. Nevertheless, there are two compliance criteria that should be achieved throughout the construction process: the deemed to satisfy and the performance solution.
In this research, the main emphasis is the performance solution to be conducted in designing a state of the art building. The building is to serve as the headquarter of a multibillion organization Nevertheless, it may be imperative to observe all the design and construction methodologies employed in every aspect of the building structure such as the stairs, the exit heights, the travel distance, and the exit paths among others comply with the performance requirements. This information will be useful to the stakeholders who consist of the client, the engineers, the architects and the surveyors’ among others. Nevertheless, the compliance solutions used in this case will be considered against the fire resistance of the building structure. Fire resistance is outlined in section C of the national construction code and is fundamental both to the building fabric as well as the safety of the occupants.
 

Literature Review

Performance solutions refer to the set of guidelines that determine how the standards of the national construction code will be achieved. Nevertheless, as per a unique building, the solution should be customized to the specific requirements. All of this emanates from the fact that each building has to be designed in a way that is prescribed by the national construction code. Standard buildings follow standard building requirement but with innovation, these requirements are not sustainable.
The performance solutions are those that take into consideration the special building situation. Nevertheless, they provide a more flexible way in which the building design and construction can meet the standards. They are different from the deemed to satisfy since they are more considerate of the situation, as opposed to prescriptive designs (Australia Building Codes Board, 2015).Moreover, they are used to address the requirements of the building as per the assessments that have been outlined in the code. However, adherence to these solutions is not compulsory. Therefore, they may be described as a way in which the stakeholders will ensure that the building complies with the national construction code requirements.
Using performance solutions in building design represents one of the best approaches since it provides a platform for innovation as well as flexibility  (Thompson & Maginn, 2012). This is a limitation to other design solutions since they may not be applicable to every building design possible. In essence, they may be described as non-prescriptive and non-conservative.
They are also implemented considering the varying and potential changes in the building structure. This ensures that proprietors and building occupants have greater flexibility concerning the future use of the building. Moreover, it also ensures that there is greater flexibility in the management structure but this may be rare. Management may include a change in the approved fire safety measures, change in the waterproofing mechanism among others.
Considering that the performance solutions offers greater variability in the design and construction, accreditation can be done through comparison with other solutions. Comparison represents a relatively easier method for the accreditors. Nevertheless, another accreditation measure may include assessment or adoption of other basic provisions such as those in the deemed to satisfy provisions

The process of performance solutions

The process of performance solution consists of three steps: performance requirements, developing a solution and finally, documentation of the particular solution accompanied by support material and literature (Australia Building Codes Board, 2015). Nevertheless, these requirements are documented in the national construction council. The whole process needs to be assessed and approved by accreditors
To begin with, it is up to the design team to identify the required performance requirements. Depending on the type of installations available such as waterproofing or fire safety systems, the NCC indicates the required performance requirements. Nevertheless, there may be instances in which the code may not contain the performance solution of a specific design. As such, the performance solution will have to be determined and developed using another method of assessment.
Secondly, the concerned parties are supposed to develop solutions that befit that particular structure. Nevertheless, this has to be in line with the performance requirements of the building. Performance solution is a method of assessing the performance requirements and as such, serves as a guide. However, the method only addresses part of the building performance requirement and as such, other methods are usually developed. The partial prescriptive solution fills the gap that is left by the performance solution. Nevertheless, the NCC tries to identify the impacts of the solution on the other building elements. It clearly indicates the impact of various solutions on other building structures. The assessment method, as such, needs to be done alongside the prescriptive solution which may include the deemed to satisfy solution. By ensuring that the deemed to satisfy provisions contained in the NCC are met, the performance solution is also met.
Finally, there is a need to document the performance solution but this has to be accompanied by support materials. These support materials are just to indicate that the performance requirements have been satisfied by the particular solution. The solution that has been developed by using the NCC will, therefore, be available for use by the other users of the code.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Methodology

The building and performance solution

In this section, the concern will be about fire and the performance solution. Fire resistance and stability of a building have been indicated in Part C1 of the NCC. However, there are two methods of ensuring that the fire system satisfies the performance requirements using the performance solution. To begin with, there is a need to identify the performance requirements that apply to a certain performance solution. Secondly, there is need to identify the requirements that satisfy part of the solution or may be affected by the application of a performance solution. The proposed performance solution, in this case, is a combination of both the passive and active fire protection systems. Active fire protection system comes to play during a fire outbreak while active systems are used to reduce the likelihood of a fire outbreak.
The performance requirements of fire are indicated from CP1 to CP9 of the code (Commonwealth of Australia and States and Territories of Australia, 2016). To begin with, CP1 indicates the necessary measure that will be used to ensure that the elements can sustain the building during a fire outbreak. The proximity to other buildings, the height of the building, fire brigade interventions among others are some of the details required. Nonetheless, the role of the architect will be to understand the most innovative design that considers the size of the elements, the general building layout and the travel distance among other performance requirements outlined.
CP2 is concerned with the spread of fire. Installation of the active system such as the use of sprinklers and the use of a passive system such as fire-resistant construction materials will serve the purpose. However, the role of the architect is to determine the size of the hallways and exit paths as well as the most appropriate installation points. Considering the building will serve office duties, it is important to ensure that there is sufficient room for movement and shorter travel distance.
CP4 pertains maintaining suitable conditions for evacuation. The system used should ensure that there is a limit to the spread of heat as well as the generation of smoke. As such, it is mainly concerned with the number of occupants, the evacuation distance and the fire systems installed. The active system is the one of concern in this case. The use of an automatic fire system coupled with smoke removal system will ensure compliance of the performance solution. Therefore, the architect needs to design exit paths with sufficient widths and shorter travel distances. Moreover, consideration will be made on the most appropriate installation points considering the response time.
CP5 ensures that the external wall is stable in case of fire outbreak, CP6 requires the building to have the necessary elements to limit the spread of fire, CP7 and CP8 deal with the building elements while CP9 deals access services. These access ways are vital for fire brigade and other external intervention measures. As such, the use of an automatic fire active system that will incorporate a smoke removal mechanism may be the best performance solution. All these falls under the jurisdiction of the architect with access point location imperative in the design. Moreover, the access point will have to be designed with sufficient width for the fire brigade machinery to easily access the building.
Nevertheless, the survey duties will extend from the construction period to when the building is in operation. During the construction, some of the considerations will include the likely risks in case of a fire outbreak, the amenities around the region, the number of occupants expected in the building. All these are fundamental in architectural sizing of the access paths, escape exits, the location of the active fire system among others. After construction, survey checks will be conducted to ensure that the systems are fully functional and that the size of the exit paths is sustainable for the occupants. However, this will require the collaborative effort with the engineers. In a nutshell, the appropriate location of the active fire system, sufficient exit path widths design, and location of the access services will be a requirement.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Discussion

The NCC and performance-based solutions are imperative for design and innovation. The design system using performance based solution may be the tool towards sustainable building design and innovation. Considering that these solutions offer greater flexibility during design and construction, they offer architects and engineers room for better design and construction methodologies. Nevertheless, they also ensure that building design meets the performance requirements that would be met by the standard buildings.
Moreover, the documentation process may ensure the implementation of a documented performance solution to other building. The NCC requires that documentation is accompanied by supporting evidence. This represents a chance for willing engineers and architects to design a building using the documented performance solutions.
In the design of the building, innovative architectural layouts may be used. All of this emanates from the fact that the amenities used will consider the context of the building. The performance solution will, therefore, ensure that all the performance requirements stipulated in the NCC will be achieved regardless of the building layout.
 
 
 
 
 
 

Conclusion

Performance-based solutions are used to enhance innovation in design and construction. Nevertheless, the final building structure has to comply with the performance requirement of the particular system installed, be it fire system or waterproofing system or any other. As with the fire design requirements, the performance requirements are based on the structural elements, the fire protection system and the general building layout, all stated in CP1 to CP9 of NCC volume 1.
Innovative architectural designs will only achieve performance requirements through performance solution. The combined use of an active and passive fire system, together with a smoke removal mechanism will ensure that all the performance requirements are achieved. In other cases, this may not be possible in which case the performance solution will be used together with the deemed to satisfy solution.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

References

Australia Building Codes Board. (2015, September 26). Developing a solution-It’s your choice. Retrieved from Building connection: buildingconnection.com/au/2015/09/26/Developing-a-solution-It’s-your-choice/
Commonwealth of Australia and States and Territories of Australia. (2016). national construction Code.
Thompson, s., & Maginn, P. (2012). planning Australia:an overview of urban and regional planning.