Some of the most severe threats that the world has faced are diseases and war. Specifically, World War II was the greatest catastrophe since it came after the great depression and was characterized by the use of sophisticated military intelligence and machinery. To begin with, Britain and France, which were regarded as having enough military capacity at that time, were unable to stop the emergence of the war. Basically, the reason for their inability to stop the war was due to the appeasement policy against Germany, which they had undertaken (Adler and Pouwels).
In general, by the start of the 1930s, most politicians in these two countries saw the Treaty of Versailles as being too punitive to Germany. In addition to this, both countries decided to use appeasement strategy and avoid an outright war. In their thinking, they believed that Hitler would not proceed with his militarization actions (Adler and Pouwels). Moreover, they thought that through this strategy, they would buy enough time to strengthen their armies. Further, the great depression had weakened many allied economies, as a result, economic sanctions against Germany was not possible.
As it became clear that Europe was under possible cessation by Germany, Britain and Americans decided to focus on defeating the Nazi regime as the main objective. Actually, Winston Churchill was desperate to get the assurance that America would focus on fighting Germany. From an American perspective, the war in Europe was destabilizing the world economy and trade (Adler and Pouwels). Further, if the USA successfully managed to defeat Germany, it would reaffirm its position as the world super power.
The Marshal Plan was essential in the recovery of Western Europe’s economies. Actually, by the end of the four-year plan in 1952, most participating countries economic outputs were at least 35% more than their pre-war levels in 1938. To begin with, the Marshal Plan sought to rebuild war-torn countries by modernizing industries, facilitating international trade with the US, and bolstering European currency (Adler and Pouwels). Specifically, this policy aimed at empowering participating economies to build enough wealth so that they would be able to buy American goods and services.
In addition, this policy required the participating economies to accept modern business practices and democracy. Effectively, the Marshal Plan made participating countries not to adopt communism. Consequently, this policy halted its spread into Western Europe. In order to support this treaty, member states were assured of military protection through NATO (Adler and Pouwels). Overly, this assurance safeguarded these countries from possible military invasion by strong communist countries such as Russia. With this assurance in place, most nations agreed to adopt the Marshal Plan. In effect, this led to the economic growth of most economies in Western Europe and the stoppage of aggressive military actions in these countries.
From the discussions above, it is clear that the World War II greatly destabilized the countries and various cultures. Specifically, there were a lot of unnecessary deaths and the Jewish holocaust. Overly, the war resulted in nations valuing the importance of peace and seeking alternative means of resolving political differences other than war. In light of this, countries should continuously implement lessons learned from the war when resolving their political and social differences. In fact, countries must always develop policies that promote peaceful resolutions of political, societal, and economic differences.
Adler, Philip and Randall Pouwels. World Civilizations: Volume II: Since 1500 (7th. Ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth Publishing, 2014. Print.